scroll Located in south-central Mercer County, Pennsylvania

[Not copied- photograph ] Caption- Lackawannock Township Municipal Building, Route 318, Mercer-West Middlesex Road, Built:1981.

Library of Congress Catalog Number: 00-106801
ISBN 1-884687-28-8
Copyright, 2000
Printed in U.S.A.

New Horizons Publishing
129 W. Neshannock Ave.
New Wilmington, PA 16142


This history was compiled by Genevieve Bartholomew in cooperation with Philip Bartholomew and other Township residents. Special thanks to Vonda Minner with the Mercer County Bicentennial Commission.



Map Illustration

Lackawannock Township



Amish History

Lackawannock Township Civic League



Lackawannock Businesses

Coal Mining



[Not copied, a map] Caption - Lackawannock Township - 1873


The derivation of Lackawannock is a combination of "Lac," the French for lake, and Wannock, the name of an Indian Chief who lived in a wigwam located on a nearby lake.

The original township was laid out in 1805; but it was not until 1849 that the Little Neshannock Creek became the eastern boundary. Townships bordering were: North - Jefferson, South - Wilmington, West - Hickory and Shenango.

The area of the township is 21.4 sq. miles. The township currently has 27.37 miles of improved roads. Geographical center of the township is the village of Greenfield.

The village of Greenfield, located in a clearing, was established in1820 by Archelaus Wilkins. He built the first cabin in that area.

Two families, the Youngs and Cozads, were the first permanent settlers, both coming from Washington County [PA] in 1798. The Youngs settled near the northwest area of the township on land that is now referred to as Frogtown. The Cozads chose the northeast part of the township. These two families became working and sharing partners.

Local tradition reports that a man had previously cleared a patch of land before Cozad and had planted a few peach seeds. They sprouted, grew and bore the first peaches about 1801.

The Youngs were quite well prepared for establishing their new home. They came with domestic animals and tools necessary to conquer the wilderness. (Present descendents in Mercer Co. are Paul Trapasso and Helen Trapasso Harrison.)

The Cozads faced poverty and in time left. This land was taken over by the Yarian family. Much of this area is now owned by the Bartholomew families.

For the most part, Indians residing in this area were very friendly and helpful. One assisted Nathaniel Cozad in building a house. Those of the Mohawk tribe were the most friendly and probably were held in honor among the settlers. The Indians often stopped at the settlers for food and would return with venison as a token of their appreciation.

As more and more settlers began to arrive, the Indians began to move out of the area.

Just a few miles south of Greenfield the David Hayes family held a log-rolling for a cabin. He was given a substantial amount of acreage. Today the Hayes farms are owned by Amish farmers. Near the Hayes were the William Bells.

The first birth on January 8 1800 was to the James Young family. It was a son, Jonathan. Later in 1800, a son, Nathaniel Cozad, Jr., was born. The first wedding was that of Betty Cozad and John RItchie - date not known.

Settlers continued to move into the township. There was no transportation, except horses. Neither was there any type of communication except "word of mouth."

A few of the names in the 19th. century were: Northwest- Bortz, Fry, Watson; Southwest- Reed, Madge, Thompson, Love; Northeast- Yarian, Hawthorne, Campbell, Blackson, Hughes, Gordon, Hunter; East and Southeast- Dilley, Young, Marquis, Adams, McCullough, Fife, McNair, Speer, Shaffer, Hoagland; Central and South Central- Sowers, Sloss, Allen, Hope, Muller, Larimer, Zuver, Sewall, Gault, Bell, Young and Hayes.

The first recorded election was in 1806: Thomas Gordon, Supervisor and Constable; William Hunter, Supervisor of the Poor.

In the 19th. Century the township residents continued to clear their land and cultivate. Each farmer had one or more horses and a few cows. Chickens were added for an egg supply in their homes. Each week the family took milk, butter and eggs to the village stores to exchange them for sugar, flour and other necessities. At the same time they picked up the weekly mail. ( 1904 the Rural Free Delivery became a reality.)

Lackawannock Township gradually became a first-rate farming area. Corn, wheat and oats were the crops, plus produce from the gardens for consumption and canning for the winter months. Fruit orchards were established by John Hughes and father about 1865 and Bartholomew Orchards - 1920-1980. The Creighton Orchard was located on the area that became known as Orchard Road (Hughes-Neshannock Meeting Rd.).

By the arrival of the 20th. Century the township was well organized. Dirt roads were being covered with "Red Dog" during the cold winter months, hauled by teams of horses. Later, gravel was used and now all roads are "Black Top." There are now no unimproved roads in the township.

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